Universal Feed Parser supports downloading and parsing password-protected feeds that are protected by HTTP authentication. Both basic and digest authentication are supported.
Downloading a feed protected by basic authentication (the easy way)¶
The easiest way is to embed the username and password in the feed URL itself.
In this example, the username is test and the password is basic.
>>> import feedparser >>> d = feedparser.parse('http://test:email@example.com/docs/examples/basic_auth.xml') >>> d.feed.title u'Sample Feed'
The same technique works for digest authentication. (Technically, Universal Feed Parser will attempt basic authentication first, but if that fails and the server indicates that it requires digest authentication, Universal Feed Parser will automatically re-request the feed with the appropriate digest authentication headers. This means that this technique will send your password to the server in an easily decryptable form.)
Downloading a feed protected by digest authentication (the easy but horribly insecure way)¶
In this example, the username is test and the password is digest.
>>> import feedparser >>> d = feedparser.parse('http://test:firstname.lastname@example.org/docs/examples/digest_auth.xml') >>> d.feed.title u'Sample Feed'
You can also construct a HTTPBasicAuthHandler that contains the password
information, then pass that as a handler to the
HTTPBasicAuthHandler is part of the standard urllib2 module.
Downloading a feed protected by HTTP basic authentication (the hard way)¶
import urllib2, feedparser # Construct the authentication handler auth = urllib2.HTTPBasicAuthHandler() # Add password information: realm, host, user, password. # A single handler can contain passwords for multiple sites; # urllib2 will sort out which passwords get sent to which sites # based on the realm and host of the URL you're retrieving auth.add_password('BasicTest', 'feedparser.org', 'test', 'basic') # Pass the authentication handler to the feed parser. # handlers is a list because there might be more than one # type of handler (urllib2 defines lots of different ones, # and you can build your own) d = feedparser.parse('http://feedparser.org/docs/examples/basic_auth.xml', handlers=[auth])
Digest authentication is handled in much the same way, by constructing an HTTPDigestAuthHandler and populating it with the necessary realm, host, user, and password information. This is more secure than stuffing the username and password in the URL, since the password will be encrypted before being sent to the server.
Downloading a feed protected by HTTP digest authentication (the secure way)¶
import urllib2, feedparser auth = urllib2.HTTPDigestAuthHandler() auth.add_password('DigestTest', 'feedparser.org', 'test', 'digest') d = feedparser.parse('http://feedparser.org/docs/examples/digest_auth.xml', handlers=[auth])
The examples so far have assumed that you know in advance that the feed is password-protected. But what if you don’t know?
If you try to download a password-protected feed without sending all the proper
password information, the server will return an
HTTP status code
Universal Feed Parser makes this status code available in
Details on the authentication scheme are in
Universal Feed Parser does not do any further parsing on this field;
you will need to parse it yourself. Everything before the first space is the
type of authentication (probably
Digest), which controls which
type of handler you’ll need to construct. The realm name is given as
realm=”foo” – so foo would be your first argument to auth.add_password. Other
information in the www-authenticate header is probably safe to ignore; the
urllib2 module will handle it for you.
Determining that a feed is password-protected¶
>>> import feedparser >>> d = feedparser.parse('http://feedparser.org/docs/examples/basic_auth.xml') >>> d.status 401 >>> d.headers['www-authenticate'] 'Basic realm="Use test/basic"' >>> d = feedparser.parse('http://feedparser.org/docs/examples/digest_auth.xml') >>> d.status 401 >>> d.headers['www-authenticate'] 'Digest realm="DigestTest", nonce="+LV/uLLdAwA=5d77397291261b9ef256b034e19bcb94f5b7992a", algorithm=MD5, qop="auth"'